Deploy HA cluster postgres with repmgr,consul,consul-template and haproxy.

Deploy HA cluster postgres with repmgr,consul,consul-template and haproxy.

All docker’s for this cluster already builed and i pushed repos with docker’s to github. Base docker for postgres – bitnami vendor.

System Requirements:

  • docker swarm with master(minimal 1) and 3 worker nodes(worker-1,worker-2,worker-3)

Files:

Deploy order:

  • tune sysctl
  • deploy consul server with persistent storage
  • deploy postgres ha cluster with repmgr
  • deploy haproxy for postgres cluster
  • test connections

Tune sysctl

sysctl -w kern.sysv.shmmax=16777216
sysctl -w kern.sysv.shmall=16777216

Make all steps(unless otherwise specified) from manager node(with shared files across cluster with network file system/storage like ceph or glustertfs)

Step 1. Deploy consul server

Create overlay network with name dev_network, to witch we bill attach our stacks.

docker network create --driver=overlay --attachable dev_network
mkdir -p /docker-compose/SWARM/services/consul/
cd  /docker-compose/SWARM/services/consul/
mkdir -p data/consul
chmod 777 -R data/consul
cat <<OEF> docker-compose.yml
version: '3.8'
services:
  consul-prod:
    image: "devsadds/consul:1.8.4"
    hostname: "consul-prod-{{.Node.Hostname}}-{{.Task.ID}}"
    volumes:
      - "./data/consul:/consul/data"
    networks:
      dev_network:
        aliases:
          - consul-prod.service.consul
    command: "consul agent -config-file /consul/config/config.json"
    deploy:
      mode: replicated
      replicas: 1
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 15s
        max_attempts: 13
        window: 180s
      update_config:
        parallelism: 1
        delay: 20s
        failure_action: continue
        monitor: 60s
        max_failure_ratio: 0.3
      placement:
        constraints: [ node.labels.consul-prod  == true ]
networks:
  dev_network:
    driver: overlay
    external: true
OEF

Create .env file

cat <<OEF> .env
DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME=prod-consul
OEF

Create file deploy-to-swarm.sh


cat <<OEF> deploy-to-swarm.sh
#!/bin/bash
ENV_FILE=".env"
deploy_to_swarm() {
  export \$(cat \${ENV_FILE}) &&
    docker stack deploy -c docker-compose.yml \${DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME} --prune --resolve-image always
}
deploy_to_swarm
OEF

Create file remove-to-swarm.sh

cat <<OEF> remove-to-swarm.sh
#!/bin/bash
ENV_FILE=".env"
remove_from_swarm() {
  export \$(cat \${ENV_FILE}) && docker stack rm \${DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME}
}
function clean_docker_system() {
  docker system prune -f
  docker network prune -f
}
remove_from_swarm
OEF
chmod +x remove-to-swarm.sh deploy-to-swarm.sh
docker node update --label-add consul-prod=true worker-1
docker node update --label-add consul-prod=true worker-2
docker node update --label-add consul-prod=true worker-3

And deploy

./deploy-to-swarm.sh

Deploy postgres ha cluster

Create dirs

mkdir -p /docker-compose/SWARM/databases/postgres12
cd /docker-compose/SWARM/databases/postgres12
cat <<OEF> docker-compose.yml
version: '3.8'
services:
  pg-1:
    image: devsadds/postgresql-repmg:12-debian-10-v1.1.4
    hostname: pg-1-{{.Node.Hostname}}-{{.Task.ID}}
    environment:
       POSTGRESQL_POSTGRES_PASSWORD: "phah7uutheePighphahdsdsdsd7uutheePighgfgfgf"
       POSTGRESQL_USERNAME: "postgres"
       POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD: "phah7uutheePighphahdsdsdsd7uutheePighgfgfgf"
       POSTGRESQL_DATABASE: "startdb"
       REPMGR_PASSWORD: "dsd324khlh47tkggdfMmdlhdlfdg"
       REPMGR_PRIMARY_HOST: "pg-1"
       REPMGR_PRIMARY_PORT: "5432"
       REPMGR_PARTNER_NODES: "pg-1,pg-2,pg-3"
       REPMGR_NODE_NAME: "pg-1"
       REPMGR_NODE_NETWORK_NAME: "pg-1"
       REPMGR_PORT_NUMBER: "5432"
       POSTGRESQL_DATA_DIR: "/bitnami/postgresql/data"
       SERVER_NAME: "convy"
       DISCOVERY_SERVICE_HOST: "consul-prod"
       CONSUL_SERVICE_NAME: "postgres-12-repmgr"
       POSTGRESQL_SHARED_PRELOAD_LIBRARIES: "repmgr,pg_stat_statements"
       POSTGRESQL_MAX_CONNECTIONS: "200"
       REPMGR_NODE_PRIORITY: "100"
    volumes:
      - "pg-1_data:/bitnami/postgresql"
      - type: tmpfs
        target: /dev/shm
        tmpfs:
           size: 2048000000 # (this means 2GB)
    networks:
      dev_network:
    stop_grace_period: 180s
    deploy:
      mode: replicated
      replicas: 1
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 15s
        max_attempts: 1000
        window: 180s
      update_config:
        parallelism: 1
        delay: 20s
        failure_action: continue
        monitor: 60s
        max_failure_ratio: 0.3
      placement:
        constraints: [ node.labels.pg-1  == true ]
  pg-2:
    image: devsadds/postgresql-repmg:12-debian-10-v1.1.4
    hostname: pg-2-{{.Node.Hostname}}-{{.Task.ID}}
    environment:
       POSTGRESQL_POSTGRES_PASSWORD: "phah7uutheePighphahdsdsdsd7uutheePighgfgfgf"
       POSTGRESQL_USERNAME: "postgres"
       POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD: "phah7uutheePighphahdsdsdsd7uutheePighgfgfgf"
       POSTGRESQL_DATABASE: "startdb"
       REPMGR_PASSWORD: "dsd324khlh47tkggdfMmdlhdlfdg"
       REPMGR_PRIMARY_HOST: "pg-1"
       REPMGR_PRIMARY_PORT: "5432"
       REPMGR_PARTNER_NODES: "pg-1,pg-2,pg-3"
       REPMGR_NODE_NAME: "pg-2"
       REPMGR_NODE_NETWORK_NAME: "pg-2"
       REPMGR_PORT_NUMBER: "5432"
       POSTGRESQL_DATA_DIR: "/bitnami/postgresql/data"
       SERVER_NAME: "convy"
       DISCOVERY_SERVICE_HOST: "consul-prod"
       CONSUL_SERVICE_NAME: "postgres-12-repmgr"
       POSTGRESQL_SHARED_PRELOAD_LIBRARIES: "repmgr,pg_stat_statements"
       POSTGRESQL_MAX_CONNECTIONS: "200"
       REPMGR_NODE_PRIORITY: "90"
    volumes:
      - "pg-2_data:/bitnami/postgresql"
      - type: tmpfs
        target: /dev/shm
        tmpfs:
           size: 2048000000 # (this means 2GB)
    networks:
      dev_network:
    stop_grace_period: 180s
    deploy:
      mode: replicated
      replicas: 1
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 15s
        max_attempts: 1000
        window: 180s
      update_config:
        parallelism: 1
        delay: 20s
        failure_action: continue
        monitor: 60s
        max_failure_ratio: 0.3
      placement:
        constraints: [ node.labels.pg-2  == true ]
  pg-3:
    image: devsadds/postgresql-repmg:12-debian-10-v1.1.4
    hostname: pg-3-{{.Node.Hostname}}-{{.Task.ID}}
    environment:
       POSTGRESQL_POSTGRES_PASSWORD: "phah7uutheePighphahdsdsdsd7uutheePighgfgfgf"
       POSTGRESQL_USERNAME: "postgres"
       POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD: "phah7uutheePighphahdsdsdsd7uutheePighgfgfgf"
       POSTGRESQL_DATABASE: "startdb"
       REPMGR_PASSWORD: "dsd324khlh47tkggdfMmdlhdlfdg"
       REPMGR_PRIMARY_HOST: "pg-1"
       REPMGR_PRIMARY_PORT: "5432"
       REPMGR_PARTNER_NODES: "pg-1,pg-2,pg-3"
       REPMGR_NODE_NAME: "pg-3"
       REPMGR_NODE_NETWORK_NAME: "pg-3"
       REPMGR_PORT_NUMBER: "5432"
       POSTGRESQL_DATA_DIR: "/bitnami/postgresql/data"
       SERVER_NAME: "convy"
       DISCOVERY_SERVICE_HOST: "consul-prod"
       CONSUL_SERVICE_NAME: "postgres-12-repmgr"
       POSTGRESQL_SHARED_PRELOAD_LIBRARIES: "repmgr,pg_stat_statements"
       POSTGRESQL_MAX_CONNECTIONS: "200"
       REPMGR_NODE_PRIORITY: "80"
    volumes:
      - "pg-3_data:/bitnami/postgresql"
      - type: tmpfs
        target: /dev/shm
        tmpfs:
           size: 2048000000 # (this means 2GB)
    networks:
      dev_network:
    stop_grace_period: 180s
    deploy:
      mode: replicated
      replicas: 1
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 15s
        max_attempts: 1000
        window: 180s
      update_config:
        parallelism: 1
        delay: 20s
        failure_action: continue
        monitor: 60s
        max_failure_ratio: 0.3
      placement:
        constraints: [ node.labels.pg-3  == true ]
volumes:
  pg-1_data:
  pg-2_data:
  pg-3_data:
networks:
  dev_network:
    driver: overlay
    external: true
OEF

Create .env file

cat <<OEF> .env
DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME=prod-postgres-12
OEF

Create file deploy-to-swarm.sh


cat <<OEF> deploy-to-swarm.sh
#!/bin/bash
ENV_FILE=".env"
deploy_to_swarm() {
  export \$(cat \${ENV_FILE}) &&
    docker stack deploy -c docker-compose.yml \${DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME} --prune --resolve-image always
}
deploy_to_swarm
OEF

Create file remove-to-swarm.sh

cat <<OEF> remove-to-swarm.sh
#!/bin/bash
ENV_FILE=".env"
function remove_from_swarm() {
  export \$(cat \${ENV_FILE}) && docker stack rm \${DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME}
}
function clean_docker_system() {
  docker system prune -f
  docker network prune -f
}
remove_from_swarm
OEF
chmod +x remove-to-swarm.sh deploy-to-swarm.sh

Update nodes labels

docker node update --label-add pg-1=true worker-1
docker node update --label-add pg-2=true worker-2
docker node update --label-add pg-3=true worker-3

And deploy

./deploy-to-swarm.sh

See cluster status on one of postures nodes

docker exec -ti -u 33 $(docker ps | grep "post.*repmg.*" | awk '{print $NF}' | head -n 1)  sh -c 'repmgr -f /opt/bitnami/repmgr/conf/repmgr.conf cluster show'

During first start you will see errors in cluster state.
Fix it(in my case i scale nodes with errors to 0 replicas and rescale again to 1 replicas)

docker service scale prod-postgres-12_pg-1=0 -d && docker service scale prod-postgres-12_pg-3=0 -d && sleep 25 && docker service scale prod-postgres-12_pg-1=1 -d &&  docker service scale prod-postgres-12_pg-3=1 -d

And see status again

docker exec -ti -u 33 $(docker ps | grep "post.*repmg.*" | awk '{print $NF}' | head -n 1)  sh -c 'repmgr -f /opt/bitnami/repmgr/conf/repmgr.conf cluster show'

file

It will be ok.

Deploy haproxy

Create dirs

mkdir -p /docker-compose/SWARM/services/haproxy-postgres/
cd  /docker-compose/SWARM/services/haproxy-postgres/

Create docker-compose

cat <<OEF> docker-compose.yml
version: "3.8"
x-logging:
  &rsyslog-logging
  driver: syslog
  options:
    syslog-address: "udp://127.0.0.1:515"
x-logging-json:
  &json-logging
  driver: json-file
  options:
    max-size: '100m'
    max-file: '5'
x-deploy:
  &haproxy-deploy
  mode: global
  #replicas: 2
  restart_policy:
    condition: on-failure
    delay: 10s
    max_attempts: 40
    window: 10s
  update_config:
    parallelism: 1
    delay: 5s
    failure_action: rollback
    monitor: 25s
    max_failure_ratio: 0.3
    order: stop-first
  placement:
    constraints: [ node.labels.haproxy-postgres  == true ]
services:
  prod-haproxy-postgres:
    image: devsadds/haproxy-postgres:2.2.3_consul-1.8.4_consul-template-0.25.1-v1.1.1
    ports:
      - target: 5432
        published: 5432
        protocol: tcp
        mode: host
      - target: 5433
        published: 5433
        protocol: tcp
        mode: host
      - target: 80
        published: 33381
        protocol: tcp
        mode: host
      - target: 9101
        published: 9101
        protocol: tcp
        mode: host
    environment:
        DOCKER_ROLE: "haproxy-postgres"
        DISCOVERY_SERVICE_HOST: "consul-prod"
        DISCOVERY_SERVICE_NAME: "postgres-12-repmgr"
        HAPROXY_STATS_URL: "/"
        HAPROXY_STATS_AUTH_USER: "devsaddsuser"
        HAPROXY_STATS_AUTH_PASSWORD: "devsaddspassword"
        HAPROXY_STATS_ALLOW_HOSTS: "192.168.56.0/24 10.0.0.0/8 172.0.0.0/8 127.0.0.1/32"
        HAPROXY_SERVICE_ALLOW_HOSTS: "192.168.56.0/24 10.0.0.0/8 172.0.0.0/8 127.0.0.1/32"
        SERVER_NAME: "haproxy-postgres"
        HAPROXY_POSTGRES_BACKEND_MAX_CONN: "120"
        HAPROXY_POSTGRES_CHECK_USER: "hpclustercheckuser"
        DISCOVERY_SERVICE_NAME_POSTGRES_READER: "postgres-12-repmgr"
        DISCOVERY_SERVICE_NAME_POSTGRES_WRITER: "postgres-12-repmgr"
    networks:
      dev_network:
    deploy:
      <<: *haproxy-deploy
networks:
  dev_network:
    driver: overlay
    external: true
OEF

Create .env file

cat <<OEF> .env
DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME=prod-haproxy-postgres
OEF

Create file deploy-to-swarm.sh


cat <<OEF> deploy-to-swarm.sh
#!/bin/bash
ENV_FILE=".env"
deploy_to_swarm() {
  export \$(cat \${ENV_FILE}) &&
    docker stack deploy -c docker-compose.yml \${DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME} --prune --resolve-image always
}
deploy_to_swarm
OEF

Create file remove-to-swarm.sh

cat <<OEF> remove-to-swarm.sh
#!/bin/bash
ENV_FILE=".env"
remove_from_swarm() {
  export \$(cat \${ENV_FILE}) && docker stack rm \${DOCKER_SWARM_STACK_NAME}
}
clean_docker_system() {
  docker system prune -f
  docker network prune -f
}
remove_from_swarm
OEF
chmod +x remove-to-swarm.sh deploy-to-swarm.sh

Update nodes labels

docker node update --label-add haproxy-postgres=true worker-1
docker node update --label-add haproxy-postgres=true worker-2
docker node update --label-add haproxy-postgres=true worker-3

And deploy

./deploy-to-swarm.sh

Create user for haproxy check on new database cluster(from container master server).

postgresroot
create user hpclustercheckuser;
ALTER ROLE hpclustercheckuser WITH LOGIN;
ALTER USER hpclustercheckuser WITH PASSWORD 'devsaddspassword';
quit

Snippets

Create databases in cluster with scripts from postgres master container

/bin/bash /pgscripts/02-create-db.sh "devsaddsuser" "devsaddspassword" "devsaddsdbname"

Alter created database with user

/bin/bash /pgscripts/03-change-db-owner.sh "devsaddsuser" "devsaddsdbname"

Backup scripts

download script there

Usage script:

./backup_db.sh  --backup_root_dir=/docker-compose/bup --db_backup_enable_mysql=false --db_backup_enable_postgres=true --db_stack_postgres=docker --db_stack_mysql=docker  --days_to_store_backup=15 --pg_day_for_vacuum=6  --rocket_chat_url="http://127.0.0.1"

backup all databases from postgresql container with 15 days store and vaccum analise on 6 day ow week

See haproxy statistics

Open ip with worker node and port 33381, example on my host http://192.168.56.103:33381/

file

Mans

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